Maugham, W. (William) Somerset
|Genre||Novel (238 pp.)|
|Keywords||Abandonment, Asian Experience, Catastrophe, Colonialism, Cross-Cultural Issues, Death and Dying, Developing Countries, Epidemics, History of Medicine, Human Worth, Individuality, Love, Marital Discord, Medical Research, Pregnancy, Public Health, Religion, Science, Sexuality, Spirituality, Suffering, Suicide, Survival|
Kitty Fane is a beautiful young woman whose mother has raised her to make a suitable match. But Kitty refuses a number of suitors; several years pass and eventually she is reduced to marrying Walter, the colonial bacteriologist in Hong Kong. Walter is a shy and awkward man who loves Kitty passionately, but has no idea how to express it; Kitty is charming and socially adept, but vacuous. In Hong Kong Kitty engages in a yearlong affair with Charles Townsend, the assistant colonial secretary, and a married man whose celebrity potential far eclipses Walter's stolid scientific work. The novel opens when Walter discovers his wife's infidelity.
Kitty believes that Townsend is madly in love with her and prepared to divorce his wife and sacrifice his career to marry her. Walter, who suffers from a broken heart, gives Kitty an ultimatum--either Townsend must promise to divorce his wife and marry her, or Kitty must accompany Walter to a city in the interior where he has volunteered to go to fight the cholera epidemic. Townsend demurs; Kitty is crushed; and the desperately unhappy pair travels to the cholera-ridden city, where they move into the house of the newly-dead missionary.
There, Walter (who is also a medical doctor) sets to work, day and night, to institute public health measures and care for dying patients. Meanwhile, Kitty meets Waddington, the British consul, a cynical alcoholic, who is at heart a good and honest person; and the French nuns, who labor tirelessly to care for orphans and the ill. Impressed by the nuns' selflessness, Kitty begins to devote herself to assisting them and trying to understand their spirituality.
When he learns that Kitty is pregnant, Walter asks if it is his child; Kitty responds, "I don't know." This completes the destruction of Walter's heart, and he soon dies of cholera--presumably as a result of experimenting on himself to find a cure. Kitty learns that the nuns, the soldiers, and all the people of the city consider Walter a saint, who has sacrificed himself for their welfare. However, while Kitty has learned to respect her husband, she could never love him.
Kitty stays only briefly in Hong Kong before returning home to London. Shortly before her arrival, she learns that her mother, whom she believes is responsible for her (Kitty's) shallowness, has died. The novel ends with Kitty vowing to bring up her daughter as a strong and independent woman, and preparing to move with her father to the Bahamas, where he has recently been appointed Chief Justice.
This novel was evidently not very successful when first published, but in recent decades it has achieved renown as a proto-feminist story describing the heroine's spiritual growth. Kitty is a striking character whose interior monologues present the reader with a record of her emotional struggles--her gradual realization of her shallowness and her intense desire to discover spiritual meaning in her life.
Waddington, the Mother Superior, Townsend, and even Townsend's wife are also sharply drawn and accessible characters. However, Walter presents almost as much of an enigma to the reader as he does to Kitty. Walter is so inhibited, so rigid, and evidently so unwilling to forgive Kitty that it is quite clear there will never be a "happily ever after" for the two of them, no matter what happens. Perhaps Walter is a "saint," but his sainthood appears to be driven by self-loathing, rather than by love of his fellow man.
How much spiritual growth does Kitty attain? Clearly, she develops the ability to empathize with others and to reflect on her own behavior. She neither finds the religious faith that leads to self-emptying love (as do the nuns), nor does she achieve an existential acceptance of life's meaninglessness that leads to peace (as does Worthington). She simply strives to do the best she can with her contradictory feelings and motivations. In this respect, Kitty is somewhat like a Chekhov character--consider, for example, Sonia in Uncle Vanya or Olga in Three Sisters [see annotations in this database]--who has developed insight during the course of the story, but who will surely face continued suffering and conflict in her life.
Maugham's bacteriologist is reminiscent of another Chekhov character, Dr. Dymov in The Grasshopper [see annotation in this database]. Dymov is cuckolded by his wife, who considers him a boring and unimportant person. Subsequently, like Walter in "The Painted Veil," he takes risks with his work (treating diphtheria) as a result of his broken heart and dies. Only when it is too late does Dymov's wife Olga (like Kitty) realize her husband's moral worth and see that he is a far finer man than she had realized.
|Publisher||Penguin Classics USA|
|Place Published||New York|
|Miscellaneous||First published: 1925|
|Annotated by||Coulehan, Jack|
|Date of Entry||05/05/03|