Hawkins, Anne Hunsaker
|Genre||Treatise (289 pp.)|
|Keywords||Abandonment, Acculturation, AIDS, Alternative Medicine, Cancer, Caregivers, Catastrophe, Communication, Cross-Cultural Issues, Death and Dying, Doctor-Patient Relationship, Grief, Hospitalization, Human Worth, Humor and Illness/Disability, Illness and the Family, Illness Narrative/Pathography, Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual/Transgender Issues, Literary Theory, Mourning, Patient Experience, Power Relations, Psycho-social Medicine, Rebellion, Scapegoating, Society, Suffering, Survival, Women's Health|
This is the second edition of Hawkins's groundbreaking work on illness narratives--autobiographical and biographical accounts of illness that she calls "pathographies." This edition preserves the text of the earlier (1993) work but updates it with a new preface and a new concluding chapter. This new chapter (chapter 6) surveys works written since 1992 and expands the discussion of mythic thinking and narrative.
Hawkins posits that mythic thinking pervades illness writing. Mythic constructs, she argues, organize the way patients understand their illness, how they interact with the institution of medicine, and how they write their narratives. Myths are formulative in that they attempt to create order out of the disorientation of illness. In the texts selected, Hawkins identifies "archetypal" (transcultural, transhistorical) myths--myths of journey, battle, and death and rebirth (discussed in the first edition as well).
In this edition Hawkins introduces a new term: "ideological" myths. Ideological myths are "linked to a particular culture at a particular time" (xiii). In this category is the myth of healthy mindedness, a way of thinking that was labeled "mythos" in the earlier edition. Hawkins proposes two additional ideological myths, discussed in chapter 6: the Gaia myth (that links illness and environmental problems), and the "myth of narrativity" (xiii).
The book's chapters are organized around the myths enumerated above, with many examples. Most of the works discussed were written in the latter part of the 20th century, but there are several pages devoted to John Donne's Devotions upon Emergent Occasions (see annotation in this database). Hawkins determines how, in specific cases, the myths she has identified function--whether they are "enabling" or "disabling," and whether they are "medically syntonic or dystonic" (21-24). Myths that have an enabling function are adaptive, useful, help recovery or adjustment, ameliorate suffering. They are often medically syntonic--compatible with the belief system of Western medicine. One notable exception to this is Hawkins's paradigm of the ideological "myth of healthy mindedness," in which to be enabled often means to controvert traditional medical practices.
Publication of this second edition of Reconstructing Illness attests to the impact that the first edition of the book has had in Medical Humanities scholarship. In effect, Hawkins helped to launch and legitimate for study a new literary genre. Her work, together with Arthur Frank's The Wounded Storyteller and Thomas Couser's Recovering Bodies: Illness, Disability, and Life Writing (see this database), emphasizes the centrality of narrative to refashioning a life disrupted by illness or disability, and locates illness stories within a larger framework of medical discourse and cultural practice.
|Publisher||Purdue Univ. Press|
|Place Published||West Lafayette, Ind.|
|Miscellaneous||First edition published in 1993.|
|Annotated by||Aull, Felice|
|Date of Entry||07/05/00|