Literature Annotations


Lorde, Audre
Sister Outsider


Genre Collection (Essays) (190 pp.)
KeywordsAfrican-American Experience, Cross-Cultural Issues, Human Worth, Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual/Transgender Issues, Power Relations, Racism, Society
Summary

Sister Outsider is a collection of essays focusing on race/racism, gender/sexism, sexual identity, and social class as these are enacted in a white-supremist, heterosexist, capitalist patriarchy (i.e. the United States). As a Black woman, lesbian, feminist, mother, poet, essayist, and political activist, Lorde's essays in this collection include her often quoted "The Master's Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master's House," an essay that radically challenges how white people "learn about" racism, or how men "learn about" women: "Women of today are still being called upon to stretch across the gap of male ignorance and to educate men as to our existence and our needs. This is an old and primary tool of all oppressors to keep the oppressed occupied with the master's concerns . . . ."

Her essay "Poetry is Not a Luxury" suggests that poetry is "illumination," and is a way to wed ideas and feeling, a way "we help give name to the nameless so it can be thought. The farthest horizons of our hopes and fears are cobbled by our poems, carved from the rock experiences of our daily lives." Other titles include "Sexism: An American Disease in Blackface," "Man Child: A Black Lesbian Feminist's Response" (on being the lesbian mother of a son), and "The Uses of Anger: Women Respond to Racism."

Commentary

I would recommend this book in part or whole for discussions of racism, sexism, classism, heterosexism. Lorde's narrative is radical, often angry, always confrontational, and this makes readers--especially middle-class, well-educated medical students (and faculty) uncomfortable and often defensive.

The most provocative issue raised in the book may be her belief that those of us who are in the position of oppressor (white people, for example), must EDUCATE OURSELVES and not wait for or expect persons of color to do it for us, to tell us "how it is." This means reading, listening, watching, critiquing ourselves and our culture (including the culture of medicine)--and recognizing that unlearning racism is a life-long task, that no one is immune, including those who take an oath to provide health care to others. The power of the book for medical professionals is its confrontation with the racism in all of us, which forces us to find the hidden, nuanced ways racism is enacted in medicine.

PublisherCrossing
Edition1984
Place PublishedFreedom, Calif.
Annotated by Wear, Delese
Date of Entry 01/10/95
Last Revised 01/08/07